a) Almost all Christian Scriptural quotations are from King JamesÆ edition of the Bible.

b) Upanishad quotations are from The Thirteen Principal Upanishads E. Hume, Oxford University Press, 1988-1985.

c) If not mentioned, the publishers are from Paris.


1. Gaston Bachelard, L'Air et les Songes, Jos  Corti, p. 14.

2. Quoted by the Dalai Lama in L'Enseignement du Dalai Lama (The Teachings of the Dalai Lama), Albin Michel, Living Spiritualities, 1976, p.135.

3. Idem, p. 140.

4. Martine Quentric, Le Symbole du zero (The Symbol of Zero), Thesis for a Masters in psychology, Paris.

5. Father Bruno, Illuminations et secheresses spirituelles (Spiritual Enlightenment and Aridity), Carmelite studies, D.D.B., 1937, p.227.

6. Lilian Silbum Le Vide (The Void), Hermes, The Two Oceans, 1981, p.42.

7. Idem, p. 115.

8. Idem, p. 57.

8. Quoted by Venkataraman, K., Nagarjuna's Philosophy, Motilal Banarsidas, 1966, p. 319.

9. For a criticism of the nihilism underlying the intellectualism of the 1960's and the difference in the level and quality between negative mysticism and the fallacies of the de-construction, see the relevant analysis of Raymond Abellio in his Manifeste de la nouvelle Gnose (Manifesto of the New Gnosis), p.116-132, N.R.F., Essays, Gallimard, 1989.

10. Pierre Weil, L'Homme sans frontiers (Man Without Borders), Espace Bleu, 1988, p. 120-158.

11. D.W. Winnicot, De la pediatrie à la psychanalyse (From Pediatrics to Psychoanalysis), Ed. Payot, 1969.

12. Francoise Dolto Tout est langage (All is Language), Livre de Poche, 1987, p.140.

13. Nisargadatta Maharaj, Prior to Consciousness, ed. Jean Dunn, Acorn Press, 1985, p.4.

14. A. Jaubert, Approches de l'Evangile de Jean (Speaking of St. Johns' Gospel), Seuil, 1975, p. 135.

15. Jean-Yves Leloup, L'Evangile de Thomas (St Thomas' Gospel), Albin Michel, 1988, p.16.

16. Quoted by M. M Davy, Traversee en solitaire (Lonely Voyage), Albin Michel, 1989, p.102.

18. Hymns to Kali, Ramprasad, translated by Michele Lupsa, Les Belles Lettres, Paris.

19. Guy Claxton, Beyond Therapy, Wisdom Publications, London, 1986.

20. La Bioenergie (Bioenergy), Lowen, Tchou, 1976,

21. Refer to the discussion on this subject by Marc-Alain Descamps in Mystique et Transpersonal (Mysticism and the Transpersonal), Ed. Trimegiste, 81500 Lavaur, Froance, 1991, p.30.

22. Cf. Barte Nhi H., Les Chemins de la liberation (The Paths to Liberation), Epi, 1978.

23. Refer also to the experience of Ramdas as described in Gilles Farcet's L'homme se Leve a L'ouest, (Man rises in the West), Albin Michel, 1992, Ch.II.

24. Francoise Dolto Tout est langage (All is Language), p. 85.

25. Daniel Pons, Le Fou et le Createur (The Madman and the Creator), Albin Michel, 1990, p.74. Refer also to Question de, 'un et Nu' (Question of 'Alone and Naked'), Daniel Pons, or L'eveil de d l'etre (Awakening of the Being), No, 86.

26. H.V. Guenther, The Life of Naropa (translated from Tibetan), Oxford University Press, 1967, p.79.

27. Robert Castel Le Psychanalysme (Psychoanalysis), Coll. Champs, Flammarion, 1973.

28. Alain Kieser, L'Inanalyse; le declin de la psychanalyse en Occident (Un-analysis, the decline of Psychoanalysis in the West), Lierre and Coudrier, 1987.

29. Annie Cahn, Materials for a classification of out-wordly life: Indian Renunciates and Russian Mad-for Christ, Thesis for M.A. in Ethnology, Paris X, 1983. See also The Mad-for Christ by Irina Gorainoff, Desclee de Brouwer, 1983.

30. June Mac Daniel, The Madness of Saints: Ecstatic Religion in Bengal, University of Chicago Press, 1989, p. 243 sqq.

31. Jacques Vigne, Deux Cas de delires mystiques en milieu traditionnel (Two Cases of Mystical Delirium in a Traditional Milieu), Thesis for Ph.D. in Psychology, Paris VI, 1986, p.55-78.

32. Jacques Vigne, Krishnamurti etait-il un gourou? (Was Krishnamurti a Guru?), cf this same website

33. Jacques Vigne, Guru and Psychotherapist, 'The Journal of Transpersonal Psyhchology', Stanford, California, 1991, vol. 23, No.2.

34. Erasmus, In Praise to Madness, G.F. Flammarion, 1964, p.48.

35. Saint Athanasius, Antoine le Grand, Pere des moiness (Anthony the Great, Father of Monks), Foi Vivante, Cerf., 1986, p.82.